Mazda 323

since 1985 release

Repair and operation of the car

Mazda 323

+ Introduction
+ Petrol engines
+ Engine lubrication system
+ Engine cooling system
+ System of ignition
+ Power supply system, carburetor, system of injection of fuel
+ Diesel engine
+ System of production of the fulfilled gases
+ Coupling
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Suspension bracket and system of steering
+ Brake system
+ Wheels and tires, body, coloring of the car, care of the car
- System of electric equipment
   Search of malfunctions of electric system
   Check of the switch on a current transmission
   Check of the relay
   Check of the motor of a screen wiper
   Verification of indexes of turn
   Check of stoplights
   Check of a heater of back glass
   Separation and connection of cable plugs
   Arrangement of safety locks
   Replacement of safety locks
   Removal and installation of the battery
   Check of the battery
   The battery is discharged in itself
   Battery charging
   Storage of the battery
   Security measures for the generator of alternating current
   Check of tension of the generator
   Removal and installation of the generator
   Generator components
   Dismantling generator/replacement of coal brushes
   Removal and installation of a starter
   Check/replacement of the traction relay of a starter
+ Heater, system of lighting, devices
+ Governing bodies and methods of operation
+ Electric circuits


Check of the relay

Relays are built in many current contours. The switching relay works as the switch. For example: When driving beam is turned on via the manual switch, the relay receives the command, a tax for lamps of driving beam current. It is possible to give, of course, current from the battery on lamps directly via the manual switch. At all consumers of the electric power with a high current (high beam headlamps, screen wipers, fog lights) relays are switched on not to overload the switch and to provide the shortest way for current. Along with such switching relays there are also functional relays, for example for system of windscreen washer screen wiper or the relay of a signal of inclusion of external lighting.

Check of switching relays

At inclusion of the corresponding consumer on the relay the signal of management is given, it means, the magnetic coil in the relay pulls contact and closes a contour of "working current". Working current proceeds via the relay further to the consumer.

It is the simplest to check serviceability of the relay, having replaced it with obviously serviceable. Act in workshops this way. As fans very seldom have on hand a serviceable spare relay, the following step with the so-called switching relay which except other is used for inclusion of fog and main lights is recommended.


  1. To take out the relay from fastening.
  2. To include ignition and the corresponding switch.
  3. At first to determine by the indicator of tension whether tension is put to the corresponding plus plug of a nest of the relay. For this purpose to connect the indicator to weight and carefully to insert other contact into the plug. If the light-emitting diode of the indicator lights up, tension is put. If the indicator showed lack of tension, to check conducting for existence of break from a plus pole of the battery to the plug according to the scheme.
  4. To make a crossing point of a piece of the isolated wire, the ends have to be smoothed out.
  5. To connect this crossing point in a relay nest the plug of plus of the battery which carries constantly out tension with a relay exit. It almost too most that to insert the serviceable relay. The arrangement of plugs in a nest of the relay can be determined by flowers of cables according to the scheme.
  6. If at the inserted crossing point, for example, driving beam lights up, means the relay is faulty.
  7. If driving beam does not light up, to define whether connection of a headlight with weight is correct. Then to check for break a wire from the relay plug to a headlight on the basis of the scheme.
  8. If it is required, to insert the new relay.

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